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Positive psychology in practice PDF

795 Pages·2004·5.02 MB·English
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ffirs.qxd 6/8/04 10:00 AM Page iii Positive Psychology in Practice Edited by P. Alex Linley and Stephen Joseph John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ffirs.qxd 6/8/04 10:00 AM Page ii ffirs.qxd 6/8/04 10:00 AM Page i Positive Psychology in Practice ffirs.qxd 6/8/04 10:00 AM Page ii ffirs.qxd 6/8/04 10:00 AM Page iii Positive Psychology in Practice Edited by P. Alex Linley and Stephen Joseph John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ffirs.qxd 6/8/04 10:00 AM Page iv This book is printed on acid-free paper.➇ Copyright © 2004 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. Published simultaneously in Canada. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600, or on the web at www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008. Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: While the publisher and author have used their best efforts in preparing this book, they make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this book and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales representatives or written sales materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for your situation. You should consult with a professional where appropriate. Neither the publisher nor author shall be liable for any loss of profit or any other commercial damages, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, or other damages. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services. 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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Positive psychology in practice / edited by P. Alex Linley and Stephen Joseph. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 0-471-45906-2 1. Positive psychology. I. Linley, P. Alex. II. Joseph, Stephen. BF204.6P67 2004 150—dc22 2004043375 Printed in the United States of America. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ffirs.qxd 6/8/04 10:00 AM Page v We dedicate this volume to the memory of Donald O. Clifton, PhD, 1924–2003. “The father of strengths-based psychology and the grandfather of positive psychology.” (Citation from the APA Presidential commendation made by Philip G. Zimbardo, December 2002; see http://www.apa.org/monitor/mar03/people.html.) ffirs.qxd 6/8/04 10:00 AM Page vi ftoc.qxd 6/8/04 11:12 AM Page vii Contents Foreword Martin E. P. Seligman xi Preface xv Acknowledgments xvii Contributors xix PARTI THE APPLIED POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY PERSPECTIVE 1 Applied Positive Psychology: A New Perspective for Professional Practice 3 P. Alex Linley and Stephen Joseph PARTII HISTORICAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATIONS 2 Positive Psychology: Historical, Philosophical, and Epistemological Perspectives 15 Ingvild S. Jørgensen and Hilde Eileen Nafstad 3 The Good Life, Broadly and Narrowly Considered 35 Laura A. King, Jennifer Emilia Eells, and Chad M. Burton PARTIII VALUES AND CHOICES IN PURSUIT OF THE GOOD LIFE 4 The Good Life or the Goods Life? Positive Psychology and Personal Well-Being in the Culture of Consumption 55 Tim Kasser 5 Value Pathways to Well-Being: Healthy Values, Valued Goal Attainment, and Environmental Congruence 68 Lilach Sagiv, Sonia Roccas, and Osnat Hazan 6 Doing Better but Feeling Worse: The Paradox of Choice 86 Barry Schwartz and Andrew Ward 7 Fostering Healthy Self-Regulation from Within and Without: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective 105 Kirk Warren Brown and Richard M. Ryan PARTIV LIFESTYLE PRACTICES FOR HEALTH AND WELL-BEING 8 Achieving Sustainable New Happiness: Prospects, Practices, and Prescriptions 127 Kennon M. Sheldon and Sonja Lyubomirsky vii ftoc.qxd 6/8/04 11:12 AM Page viii viii CONTENTS 9 Physical Activity: Positive Psychology in Motion 146 Nanette Mutrie and Guy Faulkner 10 Balancing Time Perspective in Pursuit of Optimal Functioning 165 Ilona Boniwell and Philip G. Zimbardo PARTV TEACHING AND LEARNING: METHODS AND PROCESSES 11 Teaching Students to Make Wise Judgments: The “Teaching for Wisdom” Program 181 Alina Reznitskaya and Robert J. Sternberg 12 Introducing Positive Psychology to the Introductory Psychology Student 197 Amy C. Fineburg 13 Teaching Positive Psychology 210 Nick Baylis 14 Rescuing Our Heroes: Positive Perspectives on Upward Comparisons in Relationships, Education, and Work 218 Michael A. Cohn PARTVI POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY AT WORK 15 Leading Well: Transformational Leadership and Well-Being 241 Niro Sivanathan, Kara A. Arnold, Nick Turner, and Julian Barling 16 Strengths-Based Development in Practice 256 Timothy D. Hodges and Donald O. Clifton 17 Positive and Creative Organization 269 Jane Henry 18 Toward a Positive Psychology of Executive Coaching 287 Carol Kauffman and Anne Scoular PARTVII HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY, CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, AND PSYCHOTHERAPY: A POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE 19 Positive Psychology and Health Psychology: A Fruitful Liaison 305 Shelley E. Taylor and David K. Sherman 20 Toward a Positive Clinical Psychology: Deconstructing the Illness Ideology and Constructing an Ideology of Human Strengths and Potential 320 James E. Maddux, C. R. Snyder, and Shane J. Lopez 21 The Client: Psychotherapy’s Missing Link for Promoting a Positive Psychology 335 Mark A. Hubble and Scott D. Miller 22 Positive Therapy: A Positive Psychological Theory of Therapeutic Practice 354 Stephen Joseph and P. Alex Linley PARTVIII POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY IN THE CONSULTING ROOM 23 Clinical Applications of Well-Being Therapy 371 Chiara Ruini and Giovanni A. Fava

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